What is It?
Olecranon bursitis is a condition where the bursa, a small fluid-filled sac located at the tip of the elbow, becomes inflamed. The bursa acts as a cushion between the bones and tendons near the elbow joint, allowing for smooth movement.
When the bursa becomes irritated, it may cause pain, reduce range of motion and decrease strength in the affected elbow.
What causes Tennis Elbow?
1. Direct Trauma
A direct blow to the elbow can cause affect the bursa, leading to inflammation.
Overuse of the elbow, such as in racquet sports, can lead to bursitis.
3. Repetitive Pressure
Sustained pressure over a long period of time, such as leaning on the elbows, can irritate the bursa and lead to bursitis.
4. Underlying Medical Conditions
Underlying medical conditions such as gout, rheumatoid arthritis, and other inflammatory conditions may increase the risk of bursitis.
How does physiotherapy Treat Olecranon Bursitis?
Resolves the root cause
During the assessment, your therapist will determine why your bursitis is occurring. Your therapist will then provide treatments, prescribe exercises, and educate you on how to reverse your symptoms.
1. Manual Therapy
Myofascial release: to reduce pain, tightness, and inflammation of the muscles, joints, nerves, and fascia of the affected areas.
Joint mobilization: to promote smooth joint movement and mobility of the elbow, wrist, and other affected areas.
2. Biomechanical Optimization
Correct muscle imbalances: to correct muscle imbalances and joint positions that irritate the bursa.
Movement pattern conditioning: optimizing gripping mechanics and appropriate forearm muscle recruitment, while also incorporating shoulder recruitment to optimize load on the forearm and elbow.
3. Exercise Therapy
Stretching: to improve flexibility and reduce muscle tension in the upper arms and forearms.
Strengthening: to improve the activation and stability of the muscles around the elbow, shoulder, and wrist to prevent compensations, reduce future injuries, and restore optimal biomechanics.
Home exercise program: individualized exercise prescription to restore optimal and balanced movement.
Taping: to support the lateral forearm musculature and reduce stress.
Acupuncture: use of thin needles to improve local and systemic function, regulate the nervous system, and promote the body’s natural healing processes.
Heat and cold therapy: to manage reduce pain and tension or control inflammation.
Electrostimulation: use of electrical currents to stimulate muscles and reduce pain.
Ultrasound: use of high-frequency sound waves to produce deep tissue heating to reduce muscle tension, fascial tension, and inflammation.
Laser therapy: to improve blood flow, reduce pain and inflammation, and promote tissue healing.
Recommendations regarding lifestyle and activity modifications, posture, and sleeping position to help reduce load, risk of recurrence, and further injury.